In December 2016 a number of mass action were reported to have happened in various part of Papua, such as Jayapura, Timika,Wamena and Manokwari expressing their various demands. Though the situation were under control and no riot to have happened, however it is reported hundreds of people were captured and detained because of demonstrating their hatred against the Government.
The 55 th year of the Proclamation of the Independence of Papua was commemorated on December 1, 2016 in almost of all the places of Papua. However no riot was reported to take place and in general the situation was totally under control.
However the lack of aggressive political spirit demonst
rated during the commemoration of the Papuan Independence to have indicated the struggle for the Papuan Independence is facing the various problems affecting the political setback of the struggle for the Freedom of Papua. In the mean time the command of the Commander in Chief of the Revolutionary Army of West Papua and concurrently is also The Commander in Chief of OPM, General Mathias Wenda to the People who are supporting the Freedom Struggle of Papua to lessen the raising demonstration of Flag of The Glorious Star has also lessened the spirit to demonstrate the Flag of the Glorious Star in their mass action.
Meanwhile though a number of problem in the relation of the political struggle for the Freedom of Papua to have emerged however the influence to the political situation will not be likely spectacular.
Though the security stability of Papua could be likely maintained however the vulnerable element are always existing and threatening the security situation of Papua. This was indicating the situation was still uncertain.
2. The Security Situation on December 1, 2016.
The Chief of Police of The Province of Papua, covering also The Province of West Paua, Inspector General Paulus Waterpauw in Jayapura on the early of December 2016 said that the commemoration of December 1, 2016 had been conducted peacefully in line with the spirit of the Christmas Day.
He said December 1, as The Special Day of Papua as the symbol of the struggle of Papuan and to have been commemorated with the raise of The Flag of The Glorious Star yearly, it was not done as usual this Year. The Situation of Papua has been Peaceful and Calm. The Police had not made any Special Security Action or any other terminology for the Special Security Action in Papua this Year.
According to the observation of Inspector General Paulus Waterpauw it was apparently the People who was used to raise the Flag of The Glorious Star in Jayapura, Wamena and Timika to have changed their usual attitude of raising the Flag of the Glory Star with reading the Bible and praying in the Church.
Inspector General Paulus Waterterpau added that The Police asked the People who were still against the Government to Unite, to Implement of the Solidarity and to mutually respect with all the other groups in the Spirit of Christmas. It was a happy day Christmas comes and we are the Papuan will celebrate it in a the spirit of Peace, Unity, Solidarity and Mutual respect among all the members of the Society According to Inspector General Paulus Waterpauw the Papuan who were used to raise the Flag of the Glorious Star on every December 1 of the year, have been also apparently gradually left the classic activity.
Inspector General Paulus Waterpauw concluded his remarks concerning the situation of the December 1 2016 which run Peacefully and Calmly, it was just because of the Spirit of Peaceful Christmas. The Situation of Papua on December 1, 2016 was apparently no any Raising Flag of The Glorious Stars to take place. The raising of the Flag of The Glorious Stars which was the classic security problem because the Government does not allow the Indonesian Citizens to raise it, this year it apparently has not been raised by those Papuan who are against the Country of Indonesia. The spirit of the Unity, Solidarity, Integrity and Mutual Respect derived from the Spirit of Christmas have apparently to mark the peaceful and calm situation of December 1, 2016.
However from the political point of view This Situation is likely also in line with the command of the Headquarters of the Revolutionary Army of West Papua / The Organization of the Freedom Movement of Papua (OPM) concerning the raising of Flag of The Glorious Star on December 1, that has been commemorated by the group of Papuan who were against the State of the Republic of Indonesia every year.
3. The command to lessen the raising demonstration of The Flag of the Glorious Star.
On December 25, 2016 Commander in Chierf of the Revolutionary Army of West Papua, General Mathias Wenda sent the message to congratulate to all of the Papuan who are commemorating the 55 th year of the Proclamation of the Papuan Independence, on December 1, 2016 assuming the Proclamation of the Papuan Independence was December 1, 1961. In this message it was also repeated The National Identity of the State of West Papua which were announced to the World: The Name of the Nation : Papua, The Name of the State : West Papua, The National Anthem : Hai Tanah Papua, The State Symbol : The Bird of Mambruk, and The National Flag : The Glorious Star.
The Headquarter of the Revolutionary Army of West Papua announced its Messages as bellows : On the Occasion of Commemorating the 55 th Year of the Proclamation of the State of West Papua this is announced : The Commemoration of December 1 2016 should be implemented with Praying and Expecting God for her Blessing to the Papuan people. Do not raise the National Flag of The Glorious Star. The National Flag is only raised in the important moment of the State Agenda. We should pray The Republic of Indonesia should be broken The Republic of Indonesia should be out of Papua. Papua should be Free and to become The Glorious Melanesian. These words should become the Praying Words. Support the ULMWP to Establish the New Government of Transition of the State of West Papua, in line with the new Law on WP. To Pray to God who create the Papuan People and the Ruler of Papua for their blessing to the Papuan.
The Freedom of Papua has become the International Issue, as the result of our Praying. We should struggle cooperatively to thrown away our enemy out of Papua. To support the ULMWP is the only way to reach the World Support. Those who do not support the ULMWP are our enemy because they are definitely the part of the Colonialist.
This document was edited and published in the Headquarter of The Revolutionary Army of West Papua/The Organization of the Freedom Movement of Papua/OPM, on November 25, 2016 by the Commander in Chief of the Revolutionary Army of West Papua, General Mathias Wenda. The Observer tends to speculate what was the basic reason of those command.
4. The Clarification of the Year of the Independent Day of Papua.
On the occasion of to commemorate the 53 th year of the Independent Day of Papua on December 1, 2014 Commander of the Revolutionary Army of West Papua/The Free Papuan Organization/OPM Gen. Mathias Wenda sent its congratulation to all the people of Papua.
However Gen Mathias Wenda reminded all the People of Papua that December 1, 1961 is not the Proclamation Day of the Independence of Papua. The Proclamation of the Independence of Papua was done on July 1, 1971. This statement was released in the Headquarter of the Defense Center on December 1, 2014 by Commander in Chief of the Revolutionary Army of West Papua Gen. Mathias Wenda.
Gen Mathias Wenda said the clarification of this historical moment had been agreed by all the Papuan leaders committed to the Proclamation of the Independence of Papua. However not any name of the leaders was mentioned by Gen Mathias Wenda.
Gen Mathis Wenda also did not make any clarification what is the urgent needs of the Clarification of the Proclamation year of the Independent Day of Papua in relation with the present situation of the struggle for the Independence.
The Observer tends to speculate that likely Gen Mathias Wenda wanted to consolidate the National Leadership of the Freedom of West Papua : The Political Organization that lead the freedom struggle of Papua has been The Organization for The Freedom of West Papua founded by Beny Wenda in the middle of 1971; The Proclamation of the Independence of Papua was done by the political role of the Organization for the Freedom of West Papua under the leadership of Beny Wenda on July 1, 1971; and The National Leader to lead the struggle for the Freedom of Papua is Beny Wenda.
5. The Analysis :
Realizing the announcement of the Commander in Chief of the Revolutionary Army of West Papua/The Organization of the Freedom Movement of P:apua/OPM, Gen Mathias Wenda command was indicating the Organization for the Freedom of West Papua is facing a number of strategic problem but it has not indicated their struggle is weakening.
General impression is indicating : The will for the Freedom of Papua among the Papuan is still eminent; However their capacity and capability of all aspect domestically and international are decreasing. There is likely a lack of prominent leadership. The only influent leader now is Gen Mathias Wenda, Commander in Chief of the Revolutionary Army of West Papua who is concurrently also the Commander in Chief of OPM; Until now there is no any one to be considered as the National Leader, such as Gusmao Xanana of East Timor (Timor Leste) during the war against the Indonesian Army; The number of a field leaders is diminishing because of old; The potential conflict among the existing leaders who emerged from different background of their struggle silently is existing; The new generation as the educated youth are increasing but likely they are lack of leadership talent for struggle in the jungle and the hill. Unfortunately Beny Wenda who was the founder of The Organization for the Freedom of West Papua now lives in London and will never has chance to return to Papua or he will be captured by the Security apparatus; Portugal is a country that supported and protected the East Timor leader, but not any country openly supports Papua.
The number of Papuan people, there is no formal number is announced but likely it will reach almost 5-6 million two time of the number in the beginning of the Reform period it was around 3 million. Papua has not yet developing significantly in order the Papuan people to have chance to solve their economic problem regionally.