Di Publish Pada Tanggal : Kamis, 13 April 2017 11:23 WIB

Pancasila Ideology Should Not Be Leaning to The Rightist and The Leftist

This article is started with the review on the historical record of the foundation of our Country of Indonesia. The Freedom of our Country of Indonesia was declared   on August 17, 1945. Then one day after  on August 18, 1945  Ir Soekarno and Drs Moh Hatta on behalf of the Indonesian People who declared the  Freedom of the Country of Indonesia  also declared  the implementation of the Constitution of The Republic of Indonesia. The Constitution of The Republic of Indonesia  was then conveyed to the Central Indonesian National Committee/KNIP ( it is now The People’s Consultative Assembly /MPR) for further state implementation.

Based on the  Constitution of The Republic of Indonesia Ir Soekarno was promulgated as The President of the Republic of Indonesia and Drs Moh Hatta was promulgated as the Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia.

The Constitution of The Republic of Indonesia is consisting of three Importnt Parts, namely: the Introduction or The Opening and occasionally is also called The Pre-ambbule; The Main Body or the Group of Articles; and the Clarification about the Contents.

The  special political record concerning  the foundation of the Constitution  of The Republic of Indonesia to have  likely  happened in three special  political  moments and one special political development of this country.

Political Moments

Those three political moments and one national development are recorded  as bellows firstly, the presentation of Ir Soekarno on the general idea of the National Philosophy for the coming Freedom Country of Indonesia on June 1, 1945  and  the short  Story  about the attribute of  Pancasila.

Secondly, the Formulation of the draft on the  Introduction or The Opening or the Pre-ambule of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia  called The Jakarta Charter. The Declaration of the Constitution of The Republic of Indonesia on August 18, 1945.

Thirdly, the decision of the New Order Government about the official validation of the  attribute and the birthday of Pancasila as the  core of the National Philosophy.

The first political Moment namely the Speech of Ir Soekarno on June 1, 1945. On June 1, 1945   Ir Soekarno presented his speech on the general idea of the National Philosophy for  the coming Freedom Country of Indonesia which were consisting of Five Characters : belive in One Supreme God; Civilized and Justified Humanism; The Indonesian Unitary; The People’s Decision based on the Wisdom of the Cooperation and the Consultation among the whole People or their Representatives; Social Justice for the whole People of Indonesia.

Ir Soekarno said all of those Five Characters  are the core  of the Indonesian culture that Ir Soekarno had  gotten  philosophically  from the digging of   the Indonesian earth and soil where the Indonesian people  to have been born, to live and to die.  The speech of Ir Soekarno was presented in front of the meeting of the Council of the Representatives of the Freedom Activists of all around Indonesia (BPUPKI) led by Dr Rajiman Wiryodiningrat the most  senior member of the Council of the Representatives of the Freedom  Activists of all around Indonesia   organized by Ir Soekarno as suggested  by the Japanese Military Occupancy Force in Jawa Island.

Ir Soekarno in his speech also told  a short story that one of his close friends a few days before the meeting  to have  told him  that   all those five characters  as the Core of the Indonesian Culture as the general idea of  the  National  Philosophy  as Ir Soekarno had gotten from the  digging philosophically   the  Earth and Soil of Indonesia  could be  pertinently called Pancasila.  Historian tend to predict the close friend as told in the short story  of Ir Soekarno  was Dr Moh Yamin one of the brilliant Indonesian Freedom Activist,  someone who is strong mainly in Philosophy,  Law and Social Sciences.

Unfortunately though the general idea  of the National Philosophy  as the Core of the  Indonesian Culture  raised by Ir Soekarno  was  highly appreciated and  fully adopted as official decision  on the National Philosophy  for  the coming Freedom Country of Indonesia by the Council of the Representatives of the Freedom Activist of all around Indonesia, but the word Pancasila was not apparently recorded  in any existing document.  The word Pancasila was not also stipulated in the Jakarta Charter, the document  on the draft of the  Introduction or the Opening or the Pre-ambule of the Constitution. It is also said now a part of the document on the speech of Ir Soekarno   had been lost from the Office of the National Archive.  So definitely no one could make research accurately  and firmly  argue  that  Ir Soekarno to have given the  attribute to the National Philosophy for the coming Freedom Country of Indonesia   as Pancasila.

The Second Political Moment was The Foundation of a Special Committee to compose The Introduction or The Opening or The Pre-ambule of the Constitution containing the core of the Speech of Ir Soekarno. The Result of the working of this Special Committee was called The Jakarta Charter.
After the Declaration of the Freedom for the Country of Indonesia on August 17, 1945 it was planned the Constitution of The Republic of Indonesia as the national attribute  of the Freedom Country of Indonesia would be declared.

In line with this Agenda Ir Soekarno and Drs Moh Hatta were correcting  the Jakarta Charter and then they decided the revised and corrected Jakarta Charter to become  the Introduction or The Opening or The Pre-ambule of the Constitution of The Republic of Indonesia  but unluckily  without the word Pancasila written in this document.  As  the main part of the Constitution  of the Republic of Indonesia  this revised and corrected  Jakarta Charter was definitely  also  jointly    declared  as the Introduction or The Opening or  The Pre-ambule of the Constitution of The Republic of Indonesia by Ir Soekarno and Drs Moh Hatta  on August 18, 1945. Definitely until now there is no the word Pancasila founded in the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia declared in August 18, 1945 and considered eternally valid even in the amendment of the Constitution of The Republic of Indonesia in the year of 2002-2004.

Analysts tend to predict Ir Soekarno and Drs Moh Hatta were likely more concerned to the description of the Jakarta Charter which was potential leaning to the rightist ideology.

Ir Soekarno and Drs Moh Hatta were focusing their attention to correct and to revise the description of Jakarta Charter as purely the National Philosophy to be leaning to the firm Indonesian Culture which clearly stating The Country and The People of Indonesia believe in  One Supreme God.

This statement is intended to indicate that the Indonesian People are the Religious Citizen and the Country of The Republic of Indonesia to respect it. This historical record was indicating Ir Soekarno and Drs Moh Hatta were deeply aware on the Important  Political Position and the Correlation of  the Religion and the Political Life in the Freedom Country of Indonesia. This core idea should be officially understood by all the Citizens of Indonesia but nobody may turn the National Philosophy to be leaning to the rightist ideology.

As the third important moment was  after  to be perfectly revised  and  corrected  the Jakarta Charter was decided as the agreed final draft  of The Introduction or The Opening or The Pre-ambule  of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia  and definitely this highly important  document was becoming the first main part of the Constitution  of the Republic of Indonesia  declared  on August 18,  1945 by Ir Soekarno and Drs Moh Hatta.      

Originally the National Philosophy   is written in  Specific Indonesian Language,  that in English language it could be likely formulated as the National Oath applied in the Indonesian life  and respected by the Government : The Country and the People/the Citizens of the Republic of Indonesia believe in One Supreme God; The Indonesian  People  Respect and Implement The Civilized and  Justified Humanism; The Indonesian People Highly Respect the Indonesian Unitary based on Solidarity and  Mutual Respect as the basic element of the National Unity; The Fulfillment of the People’s Necessity and the solution of the National Problem are solved based on the Wisdom decided by the Consultation and Cooperation among the Peoples concern or their  Representatives; The National Resources  of the Country of Indonesia should be Equally and Nicely Utilized  in line with the application of the principles of the  Social Justice of whole Indonesian People. Around thirty years of the New Order Era had been the most historical moment of the Indonesian nation that people never forget it.
 
The historical record definitely indicated the important role of the New Order Government  in strengthening the role of the Constitution of The Republic of Indonesia.

On June 1, 1945   Ir Soekarno presented his general idea of the National Philosophy of the Freedom Country of Indonesia which were consisting of Five Characters. The historical record also said  Ir Soekarno in his speech told  a short story   that one of his close friends told him  the general idea on the National  Philosophy  as presented by Ir Soekarno is pertinently called Pancasila. However no record has indicated that Ir Soekarno to have decided his general idea on the National Philosophy which is consisting of Five Characters to be called Pancasila.

It is also concurrently though the general idea on the National Philosophy   as raised by Ir Soekarno was  fully adopted as the official record by the Council of The Representatives of the Freedom Activists  but the word Pancasila was not mentioned in the Jakarta Charter the document  of the draft of the Introduction or the Opening or the Pre-ambule of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia.  Unluckily it is said a part of Ir Soekarno speech document that was saved in the Office of the National Archive of Jakarta had apparently lost. No complete paper on the speech   of Ir Soekarno could be found and could be utilized as researched substance.

Ir Soekarno and Drs Moh Hatta corrected and revised Jakarta Charter and then they decided it to become the Introduction or The Opening or The Pre-ambule of the Constitution of The Republic of Indonesia  without the word Pancasila in it.  However the historical record is definitely indicating the National Philosophy as the most important content of the Pre-ambule of the Constitution of The Republic of Indonesia  was declared  by Ir Soekarno and Drs Hatta on August 18, 1945.

As presented also above the Analysts tend to predict Ir Soekarno and Drs Moh Hatta were likely more concerned to the description of the Jakarta Charter which was potential leaning to the rightist ideology.  Accordingly likely Ir Soekarno and Drs Moh Hatta  were focusing their attention to correct the description  of Jakarta Charter as purely the National Philosophy  which  are leaning to the  firm  Indonesian Culture which is clearly stating The   Country   and the People/Citiozens of Indonesia  are believing  in  One Supreme God.  No the word Pancasila is stipulated. However the Supreme God Almighty has been really protecting the Country and the People of Indonesia.

The New Order Government under General Soeharto decided the Indonesian National Philosophy stipulated in the Introduction or The Opening or The Pre-ambule of the Constitution of The Republic of Indonesia to be called Pancasila and firmly decided Pancasila Ideology was officially born on August 18, 1945.  

The attribute of Pancasila has been elected referring to the short story told by Ir Soekarno in his speech on June 1, 1945 and the birthday of Pancasila on August 18, 1945 was decided referring to  the date when Ir Soekarno and Drs Moh Hatta declared the Constitution of The Republic of Indonesia on August 18, 1945.  The Government of the New Orer also decided to establish the National Agenda that Pancasila is compulsory to be socialized to  all the Indonesian  Citizens.

It is the definite historical record The Government of the New Order under General Soeharto has been the first Indonesian Authority who had strongly popularize the word Pancasila as the attribute of the Indonesian National Philosophy and reminding all the Indonesian People that August 18, 1945 was the birthday of Pancasila beause on that day officially  the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia was declared  by Ir Soekarno and Drs Moh Hatta.

Hoaxes Threat

But unfortunately all the enemy of the Indonesian have been trying to destroy this power element of the Indonesia country, campaigning that the attribute of Pancasila to be as if just the strategy of General Soeharto to keep his political power in Indonesia.

This false issue has been definitely could be called now as hoax.  The real  Indonesian understand it and now it is reported that on any  special day almost thousand people visited the Cemetery of the former President Soeharto in Tawang Mangu Area.
 
Ir Soekarno said his spirit to “dig” the National Philosophy  has been inspired by  the existence  of The Declaration of the Independence in the US and Marxism in Russia , but definitely  those Five Characters that are  now called Pancasila are  purely the original  core of the  Indonesian  cultures.   President  Soekarno along his leadership as the President of  the Republic of Indonesia after July 5,  1959  never said  again the  Marhaenism ideology  that was once considered by Ir Soekarno  as the Indonesian Marxism   (Marxism  that is in line with Indonesian condition).

The New Order under General Soeharto definitely supported President Soekarno that the National Philosophy of Pancasila should not be turned  as the rightist ideology.  However General Soeharto who has fought hardly against the Communism firmly warns all of the Indonesian that the National Philosophy of Pancasila should never turn to the Leftist ideology.

Now political freedom is clearly vulnerable for the potential disintegration or break downing of this country. We certainly hope our National Philosophy of Pancasila are strong enough to unite the People and the Country of Indonesia as a Nation living together in one Unite Country of Indonesia.

It is now definitely important the socialization of Pancasila to be done as it was done in the New Order era. Pancasila should not turn to the rightist ideology but Pancasila also should not definitely be turned  as the leftist ideology.

By : Lieutenant General (Ret) Soedibyo, Observer on Political and Security Problem

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